Tennessee: 115,000. Secession is what was over slavery. A lack of money also served to keep down desertion, as soldiers simply could not afford to run away. You will often see pro-Northern writers claim that the bill did not authorize emancipation, and they cite Section 5 as their evidence. 126 times it says help the less fortunate and I am sure it means even more so when you have compromised their education and freedom as was done for our black bothers and sisters for 250 years before the civil war so others could benefit financially…horrible greed at it’s best. It is also misleading because it obscures how deeply slavery—and soldiers’ larger view of race relations—was embedded into most aspects of Southern life and the Confederate military. I have read some of Dr Dew’s narrative and yes excellent. Yanks Rebs. Many Winston residents hid and fled north to avoid conscription into the Confederate army. After the government prohibited the company from printing Confederate curre... How often did rape occur (specifically, Union soldiers again... Confederate Guerrilla Marcellus Jerome Clarke: Alias "Sue Mundy". The city was soon filled with some 1,000 government members, 7,000 civil servants, and scores of rowdy Confederate soldiers itching for battle. May God forgive you as this is not what the New Testament is all about. I’m finding it really hard to imagine that even a small fraction of Union soldiers went to battle confident that they fought the good fight to free the negro slaves. It is estimated that over 100,000 Confederate soldiers deserted during the war, more than 250,000 died of wounds or disease and 200,000 were wounded. […]. Michael my friend, the difference between you and I is you want to believe in the good of these people while I view them as anything but good. As result, if you want to learn more about the Civil War, it may be hard to know where to start. History was manipulated so these statues could remind the black people of their horrific brutal past and to keep them segregated from the white folk, while offending them. It divided the union army. A … The answers to these questions along with other interesting facts are included in the list below. Jackson WAS shot by Confederate … Question about Confederate Soldiers feelings. Ms. Sue. Georgia: 120,000 Federals fought to preserve the union. may determine’. Join now. Thus, the Southern states, especially North Carolina, formed numerous regiments to fight in the war. The Confederacy acted as a separate government until defeated in the spring of 1865. Soldiers who served in the Confederate States Army fought on behalf of the Confederate States of America. The types of uniforms Confederate soldiers wore consisted of a double-breasted gray frock coat, a pair of light “french blue” trousers, white cotton shirts, a forage cap and leather brogan shoes. About 69% of Confederate soldiers worked as farmers before the war, 5% of Confederate soldiers worked as mechanics and 9% of Confederate soldiers worked as laborers (Lanser 11. As of November 1864, Confederate soldiers were fighting for a government whose president and other leaders were openly advocating emancipating slaves who would serve in the Confederate army and emancipating their families as well. According to Civil War historian James M. McPherson, in his book For Cause and Comrades, most Confederate volunteers stated they were fighting for liberty as well as slavery while many of the Union soldiers stated they fought to end slavery and preserve the union. Everybody knew that this bill would free slaves who served as soldiers and would eventually lead to general emancipation, the end of slavery. What is the value of a cast iron Confederate Grave yard marker. It is just another word for using force, at the point of a bayonnet, to make the southern states continue to pay an unfair … most literate in all history in all history to that time more than 80% of confederate soldiers and 90% of Union Soldiers. Was Slavery the Primary Cause of the Civil War. The order of secession resolutions and dates are: 1. Which to me sounds pretty nebulous. On the one hand, wealthy Southerners had incentives to free-ride on poorer Southerners and avoid fighting; on the other hand, wealthy Southerners were disproportionately slaveowners, and thus had more at stake in the outcome … The fundamental social concept of slavery was slipping; an opening wedge for emancipation had been inserted. The 385,000 White Landowners who owned slaves fought to keep 3,000 millions slaves as their property because they became extremely wealthy by owning them. | Certified Educator At the start of the Civil War, most Union soldiers were fighting to keep the United States together. It made no sense to struggling Confederates to be fighting for a nation where some people profited off enemy currency when their own meager army diet forced them to spend what little money they had on “a litle some thing” to eat. If the war had continued for another year, thousands of slaves would have earned their freedom and the momentum for general emancipation would have become unstoppable. Confederates were fighting an aggressive invading army, intent on subjegation and destruction. What is the genera impression about Civil War soldiers knowing or caring about what they were fighting for? Apr 24, 2012 . Most Confederate soldiers were not slaveholders, and a majority of Confederate officers were not slaveholders either. .” This fact, together with other indications, suggests that, even if the Confederacy had survived the war, there was a strong possibility that slavery would be voluntarily abandoned in the South.” (The Civil War and Reconstruction, p. 522). Georgia … Still, the people of the pro-Union County of Winston saw no reason to fight alongside the rest of Alabama and came close to seceding from the Confederacy. Why would black soldiers fight for the Confederates, a side which fought to keep the institution of slavery? Image of a Slave’s service in the Confederate army, Andrew Martin Chandler of the Forty-fourth Mississippi Infantry and Silas Chandler, circa 1861.Credit Collection of Andrew Chandler Battaile via Opionator.blogs.nytimes. I would still like to know who formed the Confederate States of America. It’s always about what was going to happen, always the dangling carrot never the prize. And, as of March 13, 1865, Confederate soldiers were fighting for a government that had officially begun the process of … . That nothing in this act shall be construed to authorize a change in the relation which the said slaves shall bear toward their owners, except by consent of the owners and of the States in which they may reside, and in pursuance of the laws thereof.”. It was because they were defending their homes … To submit your vote please sign in or sign up, it is free and takes a few seconds. Florida: 15,000 . The March 1865 law - recruiting Black Confederate soldiers. . On the other hand, he stood up to the Radicals when they tried to imprison Robert E. Lee after Lee surrendered. There was no mistaking the meaning of this action. Barely one-third of Confederate forces were engaged with the enemy. In contrast, supporters of the bill believed there was still time to recruit enough slaves to make an impact on the war effort. By clicking 'Submit' or otherwise submitting this form you agree to the, By entering this site you declare Confederate soldiers sometimes fought because they feared Union victory would result in a society where black people were placed on an even footing with whites. Arkansas 3% I see honor on both sides. Read More. At that time they were considered Traitors to the Union. For more information about soldiers in the war, check out the following article on Civil War soldiers. McKim, Randolph A. The precise number of Confederate soldiers from each state is unknown because many military records were destroyed when Richmond was evacuated in 1865. Your email address will not be published. The Confederate soldiers were fighting for their homes, their families, and for liberty from the Northern states and patriotic beliefs. Blacks, both free and slave, fought for the Confederacy. When push came to shove, a majority of Confederate leaders, and apparently a sizable majority of Southern citizens, were willing to end slavery to preserve the South’s independence. Period! Mississippi 7% The Southern states had seceded, thus splitting the United States apart, and war was now the only way to prevent secession from … In The Confederate war by Gary W Gallagher he quotes multiple soldiers letters home as saying the reason they were fighting was because of what they saw as northern tyranny, oppression and northern invasion. I think attention should be drawn to the last section of the order that implemented the Confederate emancipation bill. His argument focused on the Confederate soldiers at large, of whom, one-third … Here was the land which gave him birth; here was his childhood's home' … Did those understandings - 1461325… 1. "It has not seemed the whole truth to me that the Confederate soldier went into battle to vindicate a constitutional argument. I am a 75 year old Christian White woman from Idaho, WA and CA and your comments make me feel like you need to rewrite history in order to feel good about your heritage instead of making things RIGHT. As of November 1864, Confederate soldiers were fighting for a government whose president and other leaders were openly advocating emancipating slaves who would serve in the Confederate army and emancipating their families as well. It discusses how the officers who would be commanding or working black soldiers should treat them: How many slaves joined the Confederate troops of their own free will, and how many were brought along with their masters? Nichols Publishing Co, 1922. Dr Dew allows the secessionists to speak in their own voice. What did the Confederate soldiers believe they were fighting for? . What did the union soldiers call the confederate soldiers? I have a great-great step-grandfather who was a doctor in the 1st LA Cavalry during the War of Northern Aggression. ), A total of 75% of Confederate soldiers served as infantrymen, 20% served as cavalrymen and 5% served as artillerymen (Lanser 10.). eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'civilwarsaga_com-banner-1','ezslot_4',109,'0','0']));Although only 20% of a sample of 429 Southern soldiers named slavery as the main reason they were fighting in the war, there was a reason for that, according to McPherson: “Slavery was less salient for most Confederate soldiers because it was not controversial. Maryland 2% These advantages included, but we're not limited to, the majority of free males, fire arm construction, … The Numerical Strength of the Confederate Army. Confederate nationalist sentiments, as depicted by McPherson, did arise in Hoyle’s letters but they proved to be secondary motivations for Hoyle’s continued efforts for the Confederate army. types of uniforms Confederate soldiers wore. Join now . After they passed articles of secession, several Confederate states published detailed statements explaining why the legelatures acted as they did. South Carolina 6% Because all along the Southern States there were so many problems and they were Governed by Democrats. He should have been court-martialed for leaving his wounded to die on the battlefield at Cold Harbor just because he was too proud to admit he had lost the battle and call for a truce, as the losing commander, to tend to the wounded. Kentucky 5% hanpar7088 01/31/2020 History High School +10 pts. Mosby despised slavery and believed the South had seceded to protect it. . . Did those understandings … . The “Civil War” was not over slavery. Capstone Press, 2016. Georgia 11% South Carolina: 75,000 Lanser, Amanda. Apr 24, 2012 . North Carolina 15% Tennessee 12% Confederate nationalism prepared men to fight for "the Cause". At that point, few people thought the war would be over in a matter of weeks. Any non-Virginian who wanted to … They took slavery for granted as one of the Southern ‘rights’ and institutions for which they fought, and did not feel compelled to discuss it. Florida (January 10) 4. And of course the bill amounted to nothing. McPherson, James M. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War. Focusing on rates of slaveholding distracts from the ways that antebellum white Southerners understood slavery and participated … Most Confederate soldiers did not personally own slaves. “Who Fought?” American Battlefield Trust, www.battlefields.org/learn/articles/who-fought Confederate private, illustration published in the Atlas to Accompany Official Records of Union and Confederate Armies, circa 1895. you read and agreed to the. Alabama: 90,000 Confederate soldiers had a variety of nicknames, such as Reb, Johnny Reb, Greyback, Rebels, Secesh, Butternuts and Johnnies, according to Josephus Nelson Larned in his book The New Larned History for Ready Reference, Reading and Research: “During the first year of the war [of the rebellion – in the United States] the Union soldiers commonly called their opponents, ‘Rebs’ and ‘Secesh’; in 1862, ‘Confeds’; in 1863 ‘Graybacks’ and ‘Butternuts” and in 1864, ‘Johnnies.’ The nickname ‘Butternuts’ was given the Confederates on account of their homespun clothes, dyed reddish-brown with a dye made of butternut bark. Neal Publishing Company, 1912. Yet he fought to defend the Confederacy, as he felt his patriotic duty to his nation outweighed all other factors. as the . During the Jim Crow era and even through the MLKing years of peaceful demonstrations, more than 700 monuments were part of roughly 1,500 symbols (such as naming schools, streets and Army bases) of the Confederacy in public spaces. Larned, Josephus Nelson. Confederate soldier Julius Howell talking about his capture and imprisonment at the Union prison camp at Point Lookout, Md. He also should have been court-martialed for shelling residential neighborhoods at Vicksburg. This should not be surprising, since two-thirds of Southern families were not involved with slaveholding, and since barely 10 percent of Southern citizens held title to slaves. What did the Confederate soldiers believe they were fighting for? Unpolluted by lost cause revisions, it is the raw unadulterated essence of what they believed & what they fought for. In 1865, Howell Cobb said everything you ever need to know on this subject. Ask your question. What did the Confederate soldiers believe they were fighting for? Grant is a mixed bag because he did some good things, yes, but he also did some horrible, inexcusable things. I think them bully’s and fabricators of the first order. . Was shot during the Battle of Chancellorsville Neon. Did those understandings change over the course of … Alabama (January 11) 5. I was always told that it was the Democratic party or a derivative of the Democrats. Rebels? Vol 2, C.A. Beside the building where the Confederate Congress had labored for nearly four years … Florida 2% South Carolina (December 20, 1860) 2. Oxford University Press, 1997. The truth is: these status, symbols, and the Confederate flag were and are displayed in order to offend and degrade our black Americans. 1. Texas 6% And, as of March 13, 1865, Confederate soldiers were fighting for a government that had officially begun the process of emancipation.There is an amazing amount of myth and disinformation about the Confederate emancipation bill. authorities . Opponents of the bill warned that it would lead to the end of slavery, yet it passed anyway. Soldiers had little to no idea of what they are fighting for. James McPherson broke down the geographical distribution of Confederate soldiers even further in his book For Cause and Comrades: State / Estimated % of all Confederate Soldiers: Virginia 14% Myths both big and small persist about the bloodiest conflict in American history. Let’s read it: “SEC 5. Black Confederate soldiers were on parade in Capitol Square. For example, the Confederate soldiers would fight for the South, while the North soldiers fought for the Union. McPherson’s argument generalized the Confederate soldier to those who own slaves and those who do not. Why Did Confederate Soldiers Fight in the Civil War? Those officers turned their back on their oath.” Honoring the heroes & heroines that fought that struggle is no disgrace. In the book the common solider of the civil war[2], The average southern soldiers diaries and letters to home barley even mentioned slavery, much less as a reason for fighting. Is there a way to find out, or am I asking the wrong questions. Historians James G. Randall and David Donald, two of the deans of Civil War scholarship, after noting the Confederacy’s move toward officially using slaves as soldiers and the support of key Confederate leaders for granting freedom to slaves and their families for faithful military service, acknowledged that the Confederacy may very well have abolished slavery even if the South had achieved independence: “On November 7, 1864, President Davis went so far as to approve the employment of slave-soldiers as preferable to subjugation, and on February 11, 1865, the Confederate House of Representatives voted that if the President should not be able to raise sufficient troops otherwise, he was authorized to call for additional levies ‘from such classes . That’s why debate over the bill was so fierce and bitter. Opponents of the bill also argued that enlisting slaves as soldiers was unnecessary. Louisiana 6% The government of the North was seen by Southerners to be tyrannical. The Route of the Civil War 744 Words | 3 Pages. Nationals and Republican Party’s were formed up North. so grateful for this information… I know my family fought with the Confederates during the Civil War and am just trying to find out about family history… and my country’s history… thanks from a curious mind! In fact, according to the  Library of Congress Civil War Desk Reference, over 70,000 books have been published on various aspects of the Civil War and more are being published every day. For the duration of its ... Voting for the representatives was mostly done by Confederate soldiers from Kentucky and Missouri. Putting muskets in the hands of enslaved African Americans presented more than simply a concrete threat—embracing the notion that blacks could serve as soldiers in the same fashion as whites threatened deeply-held Southern ideas of race-based honor and masculinity. Particularly interested to hear what kind of percentages … Name the Confederate Iron Clad ship? Log in. Why did the Confederates allow black men, who they considered inferior, to enlist in their army? Missouri 3%. He went to war because he loved his people, because his country was invaded, because his heart was throbbing for his hearthstone. Although only 20 percent of the soldiers avowed explicit proslavery purposes in their letters and diaries, none at all dissented from that view.”. So... what do you think? The average Confederate was fighting to defend his state, his home and his family. Some of these soldiers were drafted into the Confederate Army while others joined willingly. This information is written for both kids and adults. Similarly, I can’t imagine any Confederate soldiers eager to throw their lives away to maintain the southern status quo for slaveowners far wealthier than they. irrespective of color . According to Civil War historian James M. McPherson, in his book For Cause and Comrades, most Confederate volunteers stated they were fighting for liberty as well as slavery while many of the Union soldiers stated they fought to end slavery and preserve the union. The … I find pretty much everything the CSA tried to do politically disingenuous. However, according to Randolph H. McKim in his book The Numerical Strength of the Confederate Army, the numbers of enrollment into the Confederate army were: Virginia: 175,000 Please leave me a comment. Likewise, few average Confederate soldiers joined the army with the expectation that they were fighting to spread the institution of slavery or even maintain the institution of slavery. Merrimack? What Were Confederate Soldiers Fighting For? “The Confederacy, the American Civil War, was fought, and it was an act of rebellion,” he said. It should be kept in mind that the vast majority of the members of the Confederate Congress were slaveholders, and they knew that this provision paved the way for emancipation for many, if not most or all, slaves who volunteered to serve in the army. Robert E. Lee and other Confederate leaders had also advocated emancipating the families of slaves who served in the army. answered What did the Union soldiers believe they were fighting for? Suddenly, the soldier who was no “freedom shrieker” embraced the war “for freedom, [and] for equal rights.” On Election Day in November … Log in. Also during these 60 years, hundreds of lunching of innocent black men took place in the South while white families, some with young children, watched on as though they were killing a mouse. They were paid in Confederate currency. . The following are some facts about Confederate soldiers in the American Civil War: According to the Oxford Companion to American Military History, the best estimate of total Confederate soldiers range from 850,000 to 900,000. But they usually only quote the first half of Section 5. While the US was fighting the Civil War, what other fighting was occurring ... Should The American Government honor the fallen soldiers on ... Why the Confederate Army Couldn't Win a Battle. Required fields are marked *, There’s definitely no shortage of books about the American Civil War. The majority of Confederate soldiers were under 30 years of age. Confederate Battle Flag Carried By The 13th North Carolina Infantry. And, as mentioned, in March 1865 the Confederate Congress, which was dominated by slaveholders, passed a bill that allowed slaves who served in the army to be freed. Mississippi: 70,000 These Confederate soldiers were from the 11 states that had seceded from the United States of America and joined the Confederate States of America. While I think the slavery was certainly a significant catalyst (along with tariffs & internal improvements) for the war, once started the Southern objective was simple: obtain independence in a national liberation struggle. Sources: I have great respect for Union generals and leaders like George Thomas, George Meade, George McClellan, Montgomery Blair, Winfield Scott, Fitz-John Porter, Marsena Patrick, Gideon Welles, and even–to a certain extent–William Seward. I will give you this, Lincoln most of the time was no better yet I give him a pass because ultimately he did emancipate. Lincoln of course could see right through the fraud. . Civil War By The Numbers. Charles Dew’s Apostiles of Disunion ($5.00 to $29.00 on Amazon) is the best source to learn the answer to your question. . describe the reception of the emancipation proclamation among union soldiers. Your email address will not be published. What was African Americans Union soldiers fighting for when they protested? It was well known that there were several Southern governors who had already publicly endorsed emancipation for slaves who would serve in the Confederate army. Why Did The Confederate Soldier Fight? Lee’s opinion agreed with that of the President and Congress. How did personal wealth and slaveownership affect the likelihood Southerners fought for the Confederate Army in the American Civil War? “It was an act of treason, at the time, against the Union, against the Stars and Stripes, against the U.S. Constitution. … Confederate soldiers were paid $11 per month, which was two dollars less than Union soldiers. What did the Union soldiers believe they were fighting for? Right. “Military Pay.” American Battlefield Trust, www.battlefields.org/learn/articles/military-pay. In a last ditch effort to placate Lincoln and as more and more decent young boys of the south were dying the rich manipulating liars added to their disgrace by passing some innocuous bogus bill one month before surrender. At the start of the Civil War, most Union soldiers were fighting to keep the United States together. Christian Revival in the Confederate Armies 1863-1865. What did the Confederate soldiers believe they were fighting for? Both soldiers both sides believed that they must fight for their rights of their side (Confederate or Union). In his 2010 book Major Problems in the Civil War, historian Michael Perman says that historians are of two minds on why millions of men seemed so eager to fight, suffer and die over four years: North Carolina: 129,000 The New Larned History for Ready Reference, Reading, and Research. . On January 11, 1865, he wrote advising the enlistment of slaves as soldiers and the granting of “immediate freedom to all who enlist, and freedom at the end of the war to the families of those who discharge their duties faithfully. The Statues of the Confederate leaders were not placed until 35 years after the Civil War because these men were not considered hero’s. Some accounts say that Jackson was shot accidentally by a Confederate picket. . The last name, ‘Johnnies,’ is said to have originated in a quarrel between two pickets, which began by the Union man’s saying that the Confederates depended on England to get them out of their scrape…The Union man…said that a ‘Reb’ was no better than a Johnny Bull, anyhow…The name stuck, and in the last part of the war the Confederate soldiers were almost universally called ‘Johnnies.’”, Confederate soldiers were called rebels because, at the time, the American Civil War was known as the “War of the Rebellion.” Since the Confederates were fighting against their own country in this rebellion, they were called “rebels.”. The age range of the Confederate Army’s First Conscription Act in 1862 was 18 to 35 but the Third Conscription Act in 1864 changed it to 17 to 50. Confederate States of America, the government of 11 Southern states that seceded from the Union in 1860–61, following the election of Abraham Lincoln as U.S. president, prompting the American Civil War (1861–65). Alabama 9% If you read the entire section, it’s clear that it said that a slave’s relationship to his owner could be changed as long as the owner and the state agreed–this clearly opened the door to emancipation, and everyone knew it. They tended to be young southern farmers, laborers and mechanics. Very important, divided confederate soldier because it was basically giving into emancipation that they had been fighting against for the past four years. Furthermore, at the direction of Jefferson Davis, when the Adjutant General issued the order to implement the emancipation bill, he included in the order a provision that no slave could enlist unless he was doing so voluntarily and unless his master certified, in writing, that the slave would be granted his freedom to the extent that he was able to do so (i.e., in accordance with the laws of his home state):“No slave will be accepted as a recruit unless with his own consent and with the approbation of his master by a written instrument conferring, as far as he may, the rights of a freedman, and which will be filed with the superintendent.” (General Orders 14:IV). The modern myth of black Confederate soldiers is akin to a conspiracy theory—shoddy analysis has been presented, repeated, amplified, and twisted to such an extent that utterly baseless claims of as many as 80,000 black soldiers fighting for the Confederacy (which would roughly equal the size of Lee’s army at Gettysburg) have even made their way into classroom … The fundamental social concept of slavery why debate over the course of the bill warned that it would lead general! Some horrible, inexcusable things from Kentucky and Missouri of their side ( Confederate or Union ) only the... In the Confederate soldiers did not authorize emancipation, the end of slavery think attention should be drawn the. Also what did confederate soldiers fight for that enlisting slaves as their property because they became extremely by! And mechanics thought the War, check out the following article on Civil War ” was over! 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