Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism was one of the great exponents of Bhakti Cult. Notable lore recounts that, as a child, Nanak astonished his teacher by describing the implicit symbolism of the first letter of the alphabet, resembling the mathematical version of one, as denoting the unity or oneness of God. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator; unity of all humankind; engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all; and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder’s life. On the other hand, by the Kartik full moon day, the major Hindu festival of Diwali was already over, and the peasants—who had surplus cash from crop sales—were able to donate generously. His father was the local patwari (accountant) in … In 1475, she married and moved to Sultanpur. 19th century mural painting from Gurdwara Baba Atal depicting Nanak. In Sikhism, the term revelation, as Cole and Sambhi clarify, is not limited to the teachings of Nanak. He discusses key beliefs in the one God and their rejection of caste. Others, particularly Western scholars, argue that the stone inscription is from the 19th century and the stone is not a reliable evidence that Guru Nanak visited Baghdad in early 16th century. Nanak’s words are registered in the form of 974 poetic hymns, or shabda, in the holy text of Sikhism, the Guru Granth Sahib, with some of the major prayers being the Japji Sahib (jap, ‘to recite’; ji and sahib are suffixes signifying respect); the Asa di Var (‘ballad of hope’); and the Sidh Gohst (‘discussion with the Siddhas’). As estimated by researchers and experts, Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born on 15th April 1469. Nanak is said to have travelled far and wide across Asia teaching people the message of ik onkar (ੴ, ‘one God’), who dwells in every one of his creations and constitutes the eternal Truth. There may be several reasons for the adoption of the Kartik birthdate by the Sikh community. Nanak was an original spiritual thinker and expressed his thoughts in extraordinary poetry that forms the basis of Sikh scripture. Some of the stories about Guru Nanak’s extensive travels first appear in the 19th-century Puratan janamsakhi, though even this version does not mention Nanak’s travel to Baghdad. He was born in Punjab India (modern day Pakistan) and gave spiritual teachings based on the universal divinity of creation. However, the anniversary of Nanak’s birth—the Gurpurab (guru + purab, ‘celebration’)—subsequently came to be celebrated on the full moon day of the Kartik month in November. Sikhism was founded by a wise man called Guru Nanak. Such embellishments and insertion of new stories, according to Callewaert and Snell (1993), closely parallel claims of miracles by Islamic pirs found in Sufi tadhkirahs of the same era, giving reason to believe that these legends may have been written in a competition. Guru Nanak, le fondateur du sikhisme, était un enseignant, poète et activiste du XVe siècle dont le message universel de justice et d’égalité pour tous, d’autonomisation des femmes, de service aux autres et de dévouement à la nature et à l’environnement était en avance sur son temps. In as late as 1815, during the reign of Ranjit Singh, the festival commemorating Nanak’s birthday was held in April at the place of his birth, known by then as Nankana Sahib. By the time of his death, Nanak had acquired several followers in the Punjab region, although it is hard to estimate their number based on the extant historical evidence. Nanak is said to have travelled far and wide across Asia teaching people the message of ik onkar, who dwells in every one of his creations and constitutes the eternal Truth. Commentaries on his life give details of his blossoming awareness from a young age. The concept of man as elaborated by Guru Nanak, states Mandair (2009), refines and negates the “monotheistic concept of self/God,” where “monotheism becomes almost redundant in the movement and crossings of love.” The goal of man, taught the Sikh Gurus, is to end all dualities of “self and other, I and not-I,” attaining the “attendant balance of separation-fusion, self-other, action-inaction, attachment-detachment, in the course of daily life.”. Guru Nanak appointed Bhai Lehna as the successor Guru, renaming him as Guru Angad, meaning “one’s very own” or “part of you”. He left his body 70 years later, on 22 September 1539, in Kartarpur, Punjab, now in Pakistan. Guru Nanak, the first Sikh guru, is the subject of this lesson. From … Nanak, (born April 15, 1469, Rai Bhoi di Talvandi [now Nankana Sahib, Pakistan], near Lahore, India—died 1539, Kartarpur, Punjab), Indian spiritual teacher who was the first Guru of the Sikhs, a monotheistic religious group that combines Hindu and Muslim influences. Guru Nanak was yet another great saint of medieval India. The first, according to Cole and Sambhi (1995, 1997), based on the hagiographical Janamsakhis, states that Nanak’s teachings and Sikhism were revelations from God, and not a social protest movement, nor an attempt to reconcile Hinduism and Islam in the 15th century. Many modern historians give weight to his teachings’ linkage with the pre-existing bhakti, sant, and wali of South Asian/Islamic tradition. Discover Guru Nanak connects the timeless stories of Guru Nanak’s commitment to service and equality with modern examples of Sikh Americans making an impact in their community. Very few people in his life time would have thought that Guru Nanak's teachings would eventually culminate in the formation a new religion and attract millions of followers from various parts of the world. He taught his followers to concentrate on spiritual practices which would enable them to transform their egotism into selflessness. Early Life Nanak was born into a middle-class Hindu family and raised by his parents, Mehta Kalu and Mata Tripta. The founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak’s life has been recorded in Janamsakhis, while his travels on foot—across nine countries over 21 years—are known as Udasis. Gyan-ratanavali is the janamsakhi attributed to Bhai Mani Singh, a disciple of Guru Gobind Singh who was approached by some Sikhs with a request that he should prepare an authentic account of Guru Nanak’s life. The critical event of his life in Sultanpur, in which he returned after three days with enlightenment, also supports this belief. He was born in the Punjab, which has been the home of the Sikh faith ever since. The same date, as per Gregorian calendar, falls every year in between October and November. A young Sikh boy lights a candle at the Golden Temple, illuminated in the pre-dawn hours during the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak, the first Sikh guru, in Amritsar, India, on Nov. 17, 2013. The Sikh revelations include the words of non-Sikh bhagats (Hindu devotees), some who lived and died before the birth of Nanak, and whose teachings are part of the Sikh scriptures. Nanak was born on 15 April 1469 at Rāi Bhoi Kī Talvaṇḍī village (present-day Nankana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan) in the Lahore province of the Delhi Sultanate, although according to one tradition, he was born in the Hindu month of Kartik (November; known later as Katak in Sikhism). Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. During first quarter of the 16th century, Nanak went on long udasiya (‘journeys’) for spiritual pursuits. Childhood & Early Life Guru Nanak was born on 15 April 1469, in Rāi Bhoi Kī Talvaṇḍī (present day Nankana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan) near Lahore, into a Hindu family. WHO WAS GURU NANAK Born in 1469 in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan, Guru Nanak Dev Ji is the first guru and founder of Sikhism – the fifth largest religion in the world. In a letter, dated 27 October 1985, to the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of India, the Universal House of Justice stated that Guru Nanak was endowed with a “saintly character” and that he was: …inspired to reconcile the religions of Hinduism and Islám, the followers of which religions had been in violent conflict.… The Bahá’ís thus view Guru Nanak as a ‘saint of the highest order’. According to such scholars, there are good reasons to doubt the claim that the author was a close companion of Guru Nanak and accompanied him on many of his travels. “There is but One God. It was Guru Nanak’s birthday on the 30 th Nov and for those who don’t know who he is, Guru Nanak is the founder of Sikh philosophy and first of the ten Sikh gurus. The Adi Granth and successive Sikh Gurus repeatedly emphasised, suggests Mandair (2013), that Sikhism is “not about hearing voices from God, but it is about changing the nature of the human mind, and anyone can achieve direct experience and spiritual perfection at any time.” Guru Nanak emphasised that all human beings can have direct access to God without rituals or priests. This further suggests that he was born in the month of Baisakh (April), not Kartik (November). Born in 1469, in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan, Guru Nanak Dev Ji is the first guru and founder of the Sikh religion – the fifth-largest religion in the world. At age seven, his father enrolled him at the village school, as per custom. Read more. “Ik Onkar” – One God. Nanak was born about 40 miles from Lahore (now in Pakistan) in 1469. Nanak was born in a Hindu family. Reference: The article has been extracted from THE BOOK OF NANAK … He considered everyone to be equal, regardless of the gender, caste, race, religion, social or … His father was as trader. To recapitulate what has been more fully stated in the Introduction, Guru Nanak, the founder of the Sikh religion, was born, according to all ancient Sikh records, in the early morning of the third day of the light half of the month of Baisakh (April-May) in the year A.D. 1469; but for convenience sake his anniversary is now observed by the Sikhs on the occasion of the full moon in the month of Kartik (October-November). With this concept, he would set up a unique spiritual, social, and political platform based on equality, fraternal love, goodness, and virtue. He was born in 1469 A.D. in a village named Talwandi in Lahore district of trade Punjab. Quotations by Guru Nanak, Philosopher, Born April 15, 1469. The Sikh records state that Nanak died on the 10th day of the Asauj month of Samvat 1596 (22 September 1539 CE), at the age of 70 years, 5 months, and 7 days. Guru Nanak (1469-1539) was one of the greatest religious innovators of all time and the founder of the Sikh religion. As the first guru of Sikhism, Guru Nanak contributed a total of 974 hymns to the book. I hope they make a great impact on you. Bhai Gurdas, a scribe of the Guru Granth Sahib, also wrote about Nanak’s life in his vars (‘odes’), which were compiled some time after Nanak’s life, though are less detailed than the janamsakhis. Guru Nanak made four great Spiritual journeys, traveling to all parts of India, Sri Lanka, Arabia and Persia. The Gurdwara Janam Asthan in Nankana Sahib, Pakistan, commemorates the site where Nanak is believed to have been born. These stories became widely popular in the 19th and 20th century, and exist in many versions. My hearty wishes of Gurpurab to the person reading this. Download the Adobe Flash player to view this content. […] This literature was highly treasured by many Jewish enthusiasts, in... […] Judea and the Therapeutae in Egypt, were said to have a “secret”... […] (طهارة‎, ṭaharah) is an essential aspect of Islam. He is not an incarnation of God, not even a prophet. […] and nurturing maternal energy associated with great mother figures such... ... [Trackback] [...] Read More Infos here: slife.org/ethics-in-religion/ [...], […] https://www.discovermongolia.mn/about-mongolia/culture-art-history/religion-in-mongolia https://slife.org/mongolian-shamanism/ https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-religions-are-practiced-in-mongolia.html […], ... [Trackback] [...] Find More Informations here: slife.org/western-slang-lingo-and-phrases/ [...], ... [Trackback] [...] Read More: slife.org/mens-rights-movement/ [...]. Therefore, holding Nanak’s birth anniversary celebrations immediately after Baisakhi would have resulted in thin attendance, and therefore, smaller donations for the Sikh shrines. 1. However, some historians do not see evidence of Sikhism as simply an extension of the Bhakti movement. His birth is celebrated worldwide as Guru Nanak Gurpurab on Katak Pooranmashi (‘full-moon of the Katak’), i.e. Nanak’s parents, including father Kalyan Chand Das Bedi (commonly shortened to Mehta Kalu) and mother Mata Tripta, were both Hindu Khatris and employed as merchants. According to Max Arthur Macauliffe (1909), a Hindu festival held in the 19th century on Kartik Purnima in Amritsar attracted a large number of Sikhs. He visited head centers of all religions and had discourses with head priests of various sects of Hindus, Jains, Buddhists, Parsees, and Muslims. A verse authored by him states that he visited several places in “nau-khand” (‘the nine regions of the earth’), presumably the major Hindu and Muslim pilgrimage centres. The hagiographical Janamsakhis were not written by Nanak, but by later followers without regard for historical accuracy, containing numerous legends and myths created to show respect for Nanak. Little is known about the life of Nanak, but Sikh tradition has a much-loved set of stories or janam sakhis which relate various incidents from his life, and include many of his important teachings. As a child he demonstrated great ability as a poet and philosopher. Guru Nanak Dev Ji, founder of the Sikh religion and the first of a succession of ten Gurus, was born on April 15, 1469.He was born at Rai Bhoi Ki Talwandi, now called Nankana Sahib, 65 km south west of Lahore in Pakistan. All Rights Reserved. Nanak lived in Sultanpur until c. 1500, which would be a formative time for him, as the puratan janamsakhi suggests, and in his numerous allusions to governmental structure in his hymns, most likely gained at this time. The Life of Guru Nanak (Animated Stories) Posted by Gurumustuk Singh on Nov 7th, 2006 in Featured Articles, Videos | 31 comments. Guru Nanak (ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ, Gurū Nānak ; born as Nanak on 15 April 1469 – 22 September 1539), also referred to as Baba Nanak (‘father Nanak’), was … Sikhism is still based on his teachings and those of the nine Sikh Gurus who followed him. It is the opposite... […] Quran was written in the 7th century CE. In the Sikh perspective, the everyday world is part of an infinite reality, where increased spiritual awareness leads to increased and vibrant participation in the everyday world. He is an illumined soul. Sikhism, for instance, disagreed with some views of Bhakti saints Kabir and Ravidas. According to Singha (2009): Sikhism does not subscribe to the theory of incarnation or the concept of prophethood. His birth is celebrated worldwide as Guru Nanak Gurpurab on Katak Pooranmashi, i.e. (The date according to the lunar calendar changes annually but is usually in November.). Moreover, beyond the stone, no evidence or mention of Guru Nanak’s journey in the Middle East has been found in any other Middle Eastern textual or epigraphical records. All About the Life of Guru Nanak - Sikhism originated with Guru Nanak five centuries ago. Scholars state that in its origins, Guru Nanak and Sikhism were influenced by the nirguni (‘formless God’) tradition of the Bhakti movement in medieval India. Around the age of 55, Nanak settled in Kartarpur, living there until his death in September 1539. His most radical social teachings denounced the caste system and taught that everyone is equal, regardless of caste or gender. There are two competing theories on Guru Nanak’s teachings. Share with your friends. The Baghdad inscription remains the basis of writing by Indian scholars that Guru Nanak journeyed in the Middle East, with some claiming he visited Jerusalem, Mecca, Vatican, Azerbaijan and Sudan. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. The Guru Granth Sahib is worshipped as the supreme authority of Sikhism and is considered the final and perpetual guru of Sikhism. Guru Nanak's life and experiences give us great lessons to apply in our life. As a child, Nanak went on to astound many with his intelligence and his interest towards divine subjects. Nanak, the Scholar. We will learn about his teachings, his writings, and take a closer look at his poetry. The janamsakhis suggest that Nanak visited the Ram Janmabhoomi temple in Ayodhya in 1510–11 CE. Read more. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. He visits the temple where Guru Gobind Singh was assassinated and joins worshippers honouring the institution of the Guru Granth Sahib as the living guru. Cependant, son histoire est pratiquement inconnue d'une grande partie du monde occidental. In 1508, Nanak visited the Sylhet region in Bengal. According to Sikh traditions, the birth and early years of Nanak’s life were marked with many events that demonstrated that Nanak had been blessed with divine grace. He was born on 15 April 1469 into a Hindu family in a largely Muslim area of Punjab, India. These include the Puratan (‘traditional’ or ‘ancient’) janamsakhi, Miharban janamsakhi, Gyan-ratanavali by Bhai Mani Singh, and the Vilayat Vali janamsakhi. Guru Nanak's birthday is … Claims have been asserted of additional inscriptions, but no one has been able to locate and verify them. Nanak continued to demonstrate a radical spiritual streak - arguing with local holy men and sages, both Hindu and Muslim, that external things like pilgrimages, penances, and poverty were of far less spiritual importance than internal changes to the individual's soul. In 1496, although married and having a family, Nanak set out on a set of spiritual journeys through India, Tibet and Arabia that lasted nearly 30 years. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. He fears none; he … Noting the display of weapons at the temple he comments on the martial prowess of the Sikhs and meets some Sikh soldiers. Peter Owen-Jones explores the Sikh faith in India, travelling to a festival in Nanded and explaining the origins of Sikhism in the conflict between Hinduism and Islam 300 years ago. He worked for a while as an accountant but while still quite young decided to devote himself to spiritual matters. The roots of the Sikh tradition are perhaps in the sant-tradition of India whose ideology grew to become the Bhakti tradition. For instance, at the age of five, Nanak is said to have voiced interest in divine subjects. The place of his birth is known today Nankan. Novel claims about his travels, as well as claims such as Guru Nanak’s body vanishing after his death, are also found in later versions and these are similar to the miracle stories in Sufi literature about their pirs. Some modern accounts state that he visited Tibet, most of South Asia, and Arabia, starting in 1496 at age 27, when he left his family for a thirty-year period. However, the writing style and language employed have left scholars, such as Max Arthur Macauliffe, certain that they were composed after his death. Guru Nanak described living an “active, creative, and practical life” of “truthfulness, fidelity, self-control and purity” as being higher than the metaphysical truth. Equality. Early Life of Guru Nanak Ji. Guru Nanak was born in 1469, his parents were Hindu but from an early age he questionned religion and spent a lot of time meditating (even when he was meant to … He was born in 1469 in India, more than four centuries before the country was divided in two- India and Pakistan. Nanak from his very childhood showed a religious bent of mind and later preferred the company of Saints and Sadhus. Guru Nanak, and other Sikh Gurus emphasised bhakti (‘love’, ‘devotion’, or ‘worship’), and taught that the spiritual life and secular householder life are intertwined. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Today someone forwarded me a link to a cool video which appears to be clay animation. Please share this with friends and family or anyone that is interested in learning about Guru Nanak. Nanak came from a Hindu family. He spent most of his childhood with his older sister, Bebe Nanaki, as he was fond of her. His name is Truth; He is the Creator. He was appointed as the village accountant. Waheguru Ji. It is part of Sikh religious belief that the spirit of Nanak’s sanctity, divinity, and religious authority had descended upon each of the nine subsequent Gurus when the Guruship was devolved on to them. Born into a Hindu family of a high […] Enjoy the best Guru Nanak Quotes at BrainyQuote. For one, it may have been the date of Nanak’s enlightenment or “spiritual birth” in 1496, as suggested by the Dabestan-e Mazaheb. Life: Nanak was born in 1469 A.D. in the Talwandi village of Lahore, in a kshatriya family. Other stories of his childhood refer to strange and miraculous events about Nanak, such as the one witnessed by Rai Bular, in which the sleeping child’s head was shaded from the harsh sunlight by, in one account, by the stationary shadow of a tree or, in another, by a venomous cobra. The earliest biographical sources on Nanak’s life recognised today are the janamsakhis (‘birth stories’), which recount the circumstances of the guru’s birth in great detail. Guru Nanak, also referred to as Baba Nanak, was the founder of Sikhism and is the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. Macauliffe also notes that Baisakh (March–April) already saw a number of important festivals—such as Holi, Rama Navami, and Baisakhi—therefore people would be busy in agricultural activities after the harvest festival of Baisakhi. Guru Nanak's birthday is celebrated by Sikhs on April 14th by the Nanakshahi calendar. Sikhism - Sikhism - Guru Nanak: A member of the Khatri (trading) caste and far from illiterate, Nanak was not a typical Sant, yet he experienced the same spirit of God in everything outside him and everything within him as did others in the movement he founded. Agape, Aquarius & the Star of Bethlehem: America’s Return to Hope – Astro-Insights Blog says: 1komma5grad-quellen – Matthias Ziemer Photography says: Earth’s Crisis and Evolution Series- Part 1 Finding Commonality in Religious and Spiritual Pathways – SacredFireofKnowledge says: Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), List of places named after Guru Nanak Dev, Agape, Aquarius & the Star of Bethlehem: America’s Return to Hope – Astro-Insights Blog, 1komma5grad-quellen – Matthias Ziemer Photography. The only janamsakhi that supports the Kartik birth tradition is that of Bhai Bala. “Guru Nanak: The Founder of Sikhism, Life, and Legacy” Documentary Other direct and indirect borrowings in the Sikh janamsakhis relating to legends around Guru Nanak’s journeys are from Hindu epics and puranas, and Buddhist Jataka stories. But Nanak was deeply religious from his early life. The essentials of Guru Nanak Sahib’s life are well known. However, this janamsakhi was written by Handalis—a sect of Sikhs who followed a Sikh-convert known as Handal—attempting to depict the founder as superior to Nanak According to a superstition prevailing in contemporary northern India, a child born in the Kartik month was believed to be weak and unlucky, hence why the work states that Nanak was born in that month. Guru Nanak is considered the first Sikh Guru. The other theory states that Nanak was a Guru, not a prophet. But it has a pivotal concept of Guru. As such, it is said that Bhai Mani Singh wrote his story with the express intention of correcting heretical accounts of Guru Nanak . His family were Hindus, but Nanak soon showed an advanced interest in religion and studied Islam and Hinduism extensively. The last part of his life was spent at Kartarpur in the Punjab, where he was joined by many disciples attracted by his teachings. Guru Nanak is the founder of Sikhism and the first of the Sikh Gurus. He wanted to engage his son in his business. Since his childhood Nanak was not interested in studies but was more inclined towards religious discussions. During this period, he went on short journeys to the Nath yogi centre of Achal, and the Sufi centres of Pakpattan and Multan. Guru Nanak © Guru Nanak (1469-1539) was one of the greatest religious innovators of all time and the founder of the Sikh religion. His father’s name was Kalu Bedi or Kalachand. From when the travel stories first appear in hagiographic accounts of Guru Nanak, centuries after his death, they continue to become more sophisticated as time goes on, with the late phase Puratan version describing four missionary journeys, which differ from the Miharban version. The Spiritual Life © 2020. The earliest record of such a celebration in Nanakana Sahib is from 1868 CE. His father Mehta Kalu and mother Mata Tripta belonged to the merchant caste. Bhai Bala is said to have obtained Nanak’s horoscope from Nanak’s uncle Lalu, according to which, Nanak was born on a date corresponding to 20 October 1469 CE. A brief overview of the life of Guru Nanak, the founder of the Sikh religion. This is the first animated video I have seen telling stories related to Guru Nanak (or any Guru for that matter). The most famous teachings attributed to Guru Nanak are that there is only one God, and that all human beings can have direct access to God with no need of rituals or priests. Nanak’s teachings can be found in the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib, as a collection of verses recorded in Gurmukhi. He was born in 1469 in the village of Talwandi (now called Nankana) on the bank of the River Ravi in the state of Punjab. His father, in particular, was the local patwari (accountant) for crop revenue in the village of Talwandi. Guru Nanak (ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ, Gurū Nānak; born as Nanak on 15 April 1469 – 22 September 1539), also referred to as Baba Nanak (‘father Nanak’), was the founder of Sikhism and is the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. The hagiographic details is a subject of dispute, with modern scholarship questioning the details and authenticity of many claims. Everywhere he outcome in Spiritual discussions; therefore having followers from all religious backgrounds.He spoke in the temples and mosques, and at various pilgrimage sites. Nanak refused, saying that people should be distinguished by the things that they did, and their individual qualities, rather than by a thread. As a young man, Nanak married Sulakhani, daughter of Mūl Chand (aka Mula) and Chando Raṇi. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. He grew up surrounded by Muslim neighbors. In our life an accountant but while still quite young decided to himself... 1469 into a Hindu calendar, falls every year in between October and November..! Closer look at his poetry divine subjects view this content to engage his son his... Sikh tradition are perhaps in the Punjab, which has been the home of the great exponents of Bhakti.... Meets some Sikh soldiers Talwandi in Lahore district of trade Punjab in,! Of the life of Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born in Punjab India ( modern Pakistan... As he was born in 1469 in India, more than just a synthesis family were Hindus but! 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Of such a celebration in Nanakana Sahib is from 1868 CE two theories! Was divided in two- India and Pakistan, questions or need help please feel free to us! Nanak five centuries ago histoire est pratiquement inconnue d'une grande partie du occidental... Does not subscribe to the theory of incarnation or the concept of prophethood as was! In an up-to-date web browser with style sheets ( CSS ) if are. Was divided in two- India and Pakistan on both Hindu and Islamic thought, but soon. Bbc © 2014 the BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites d'une grande partie du occidental... Aka Mula ) and gave spiritual teachings based on the martial prowess of the 16th century, is.