That, my friends, is what we must work toward eradicating.” [50], Ellis Cose, Senior Fellow at the ACLU, states that the statues should remain, with “plaques and other material in place that point out that these men were traitors, not American heroes, and that their ugly legacy haunts us still. He was also an abolitionist, though a hypocritical and pragmatic one who understood the country would not give up slavery so easily. As protesters and public officials remove statues and memorials to conquerors, oppressors, enslavers and murderers, people like King Leopold II … Washington owned over 300, Jefferson over 600, and Grant worked on his wife’s family plantation and inherited one slave upon his father-in-law’s death. As historian James Holland writes, controversial statues … Catherine Thorbecke, “Walmart donates $100K to replace Arkansas' Confederate-linked statues at the US Capitol,” abcnew.go.com, July 7, 2020, 32. Symbolize strong units or states. Here's What to Know,” time.com, June 24, 2020, 2. Alex Parsons, “Replace All Confederate Statues in Tennessee with Dolly Parton,” change.org (accessed July 8, 2020), 31. 1. Becky Little, “How the Cult of Robert E. Lee Was Born,” history.com, Aug. 14, 2017, 18. BBC, “Confederate and Columbus Statues Toppled by US Protesters,” bbc.com, June 11, 2020, 21. John Daniel Davidson, “Why We Should Keep The Confederate Monuments Right Where They Are,” thefederalist.com, Aug. 18, 2017, 37. "Historic Statue Removal – Top 3 Pros & Cons." Let’s argue about the facts, let’s put them down on paper – or on a marker – and have a conversation about them.” [24], Geoff Palmer, Scotland’s first black professor, who disagrees with taking down the statues, warned against being distracted by the simple, concrete action of taking down statues: “We don’t want to leave this so that people looking back in 50 years will say: you know, they took the statues down, why didn’t they do something about racism?” [53], © 2020 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. They want to demolish our heritage so they can impose a new oppressive regime in its place.” [9] Trump argued the plight to save the statues “is a battle to save the Heritage, History, and Greatness of our Country!” [34], Citizens of the United States have the right to hold controversial opinions and build statues to honor their beliefs. [32]. Here's Why.,” nbcnews.com, June 1, 2017, 51. My opinion to this debate is that they shouldn’t take the statues down. A petition in Tennessee gained 22,736 signatures (and counting as of July 8, 2020) to replace all Confederate statues in the state, including the statue of Confederate Army General and KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest that stands in the state’s capitol building, with statues of Dolly Parton. As James Grossman, PhD, Executive Director of the American Historical Association, notes, “It’s not just that the statues represent white supremacy, but the purpose of building the statues was the perpetuation of white supremacy. The slippery slope goes further, allowing anyone to destroy any statue they disagree with. ], [Editor’s Note: The MLA citation style requires double spacing within entries. And going forward, university and public officials should take more time to consider the implications of removing Confederate monuments. [14], When 11 Southern states seceded from the Union in 1861, they were very clear that the reason was the impending abolition of slavery. Slaves were the basis of the Southern economy at that time. There are even US states which have prohibited or restricted alteration of the confederate monuments. ... Louisiana and then debate whether statues from the past should be removed. Its labor supplies the product which constitutes by far the largest and most important portions of commerce of the earth. [20] [21] These statues, like their Confederate counterparts, serve a revisionist purpose, allowing people to maintain a racist ideology. [42], Jefferson is the author of two of our most dear principles as a country: equality and religious freedom. 17, 2020, 42. ", ProCon.org. On the downside, statues of some persons may evoke anger in some American communities. ], ProCon.org. CBS News, “Protesters in England Topple Statue of Slave Trader Edward Colston into Harbor,” cbsnews.com, June 7, 2020, 8. Hannah Natanson, “There’s a New Way to Deal with Confederate Monuments: Signs That Explain Their Racist History,” washingtonpost.com, Sep. 22, 2019, 53. Glenn Foster, founder of The Freedom Neighborhood, stated of the Emancipation Memorial, which depicts Lincoln over a kneeling freed slave, “When I look at that statue, I’m reminded my freedom and my liberation is only dictated by white peoples’ terms. [44] Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and the white suffragists purposefully excluded black women. Here are the proper bibliographic citations for this page according to four style manuals (in alphabetical order): [Editor's Note: The APA citation style requires double spacing within entries. Who fought to uphold the right declared by the pen of Jefferson and achieved by the sword of Washington. George Gerbner, PhD, and Larry Gross coined the term “symbolic annihilation” in 1976 to describe the lack of representation of a group of people. Recreational Marijuana – Should Recreational Marijuana Be Legal? Usually, the statues are to honor people who did something good to their country; someone who put his life in danger to save his country. Explain your answers. For decades, there has been a lot of controversy regarding the removal of confederate monuments. Scottie Andrew and Anna Sturla, “A Statue of Frederick Douglass Was Toppled over the Fourth of July Weekend, the Anniversary of His Famous Speech,” cnn.com, July 6, 2020, 10. Death Penalty – Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed? Jack Jenkins, “How the Charleston Shooting Is Linked to the Confederate Flag, According to A South Carolinian,” thinkprogress.org, June 19, 2015, 3. They harbored cultural bias. The history of the United States is multi-layered, complicated, and ever-evolving. Animal Testing – Should Animals Be Used for Scientific or Commercial Testing? [10] [11] [12], Washington, Jefferson, and Grant had undeniable ties to slavery. The Onion looks at the pros and cons of removing historical statues. Should controversial statues be removed or kept as a reminder of the past? In illuminating how vulnerable Americans have long been to ugly racial appeals, and how willfully blind we have been to racial injustice, those statues could remind us of the catastrophic consequences of not putting bigotry aside.” [51], Some jurisdictions have chosen to put explanatory plaques beside Confederate monuments to teach a more complete history. Below are the proper citations for this page according to four style manuals (in alphabetical order): the Modern Language Association Style Manual (MLA), the Chicago Manual of Style (Chicago), the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), and Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian). The Confederates committed treason against the United States. Mount Vernon, “Slavery,” mountvernon.org (accessed July 7, 2020), 40. Here, too, a formalized process by which communities debate and discuss the merits of a statue would help: Giving people the space to weigh the pros and cons … Statues also are to honor people’s service to the country. Lawrence A. Kuznar, “I Detest Our Confederate Monuments. Other statues of historic figures, such as slave-owning presidents or imperialists like Christopher Columbus, promote similar oppressive and revisionist messages. Who Was He?,” cnn.com, June 11, 2020, 7. Juan De Anda, “Why Representation Matters Now,” mediapost.com, April 21, 2020, 28. Explain your answer with examples and reasoning. Annette Gordon-Reed, JD, Professor of American Legal History at Harvard University, explained, “There is an important difference between helping to create the United States and trying to destroy it. Robert Draper, “Toppling Statues Is a First Step toward Ending Confederate Myths,” nationalgeographic.com, July 2, 2020, 24. By landscape revision, I mean the removal of Confederate statues and statues of slaveowners, slave traders, and pro-slavery people who have statues built in their honor. … [35]. They honored racial prejudice. On a website called Topple The Racists, members can propose statues to fall. but They Should Remain.,” washingtonpost.com, Aug. 18, 2017, 39. The removal of the statues won’t take a part of history out as well, It’s the 21st century and there are so many ways to access history via cell phones, Textbooks, Websites, And things like that. JorgensenLibertarian. [52], Next to the Peace Monument in Atlanta, Georgia, a plaque reads, “This monument should no longer stand as a memorial to white brotherhood; rather, it should be seen as an artifact representing a shared history in which millions of Americans were denied civil and human rights.” [24], Sheffield Hale, JD, President and Chief Executive of the Atlanta History Center, stated of the plaque, “I do think it gives [people] a starting point, which is sorely needed right now, in our society, as a way to deal with contentious issues. Sophia A. Nelson, “Opinion: Don't Take Down Confederate Monuments. "Yes. The statue had drawn criticism before, but none of … Statues could be built to honor George Washington Carver, Madame CJ Walker, Shirley Chisholm, Jesse Owens, Gwendolyn Brooks, Ruby Bridges, Mae Jemison, Charles Richard Drew, Mary Jackson, and countless others. I say that as a former Louisiana resident in a culture even more "southern" than NOLA. So, the Southern states preferred to start the Civil war, rather tha… Based on the fuzzy logic of protestors, it is unclear how removing statues of Robert E. Lee will not also lead to the removal of statues of Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, and others. The First Amendment protects everyone’s speech, not just the speech approved by the majority. Should historic statues be taken down? Rebecca Klar, “Arthur Ashe Statue on Richmond's Monument Avenue Tagged with White Lives Matter Graffiti,” thehill.com, June 17, 2020, 50. [29] [30], Walmart donated $100,000 to help Arkansas replace statues of Confederate sympathizers Governor James P. Clarke and attorney Uriah Rose in the US Capitol, with statues of Johnny Cash and civil rights pioneer Daisy Bates. Dessi Gomez, “Hello, Dolly? Aishvarya Kavi, “Activists Push for Removal of Statue of Freed Slave Kneeling Before Lincoln,” nytimes.com, June 27, 2020, 20. [41]. Jeff Kelly Lowenstein, “Martin Luther King Jr., Women, and the Possibility of Growth,” chicagoreporter.com, Jan. 18, 2019, 48. [23] For example, the Confederate statues in the Capitol building “should embody our highest ideals as Americans, expressing who we are and who we aspire to be as a nation. No. The Confederate flag was removed from the South Carolina Capitol grounds shortly after after the Charleston church shooting in 2015. The Onion looks at the pros and cons of removing historical statues. John Daniel Davidson, Political Editor at The Federalist, explained, “That they were wrong about slavery does not excuse us today from the burden of trying to understand what motivated them to fight—and what motivated them and their families to undertake a flurry of monument-building decades later as the surviving veterans began to die off… A more mature society would recognize that the past is always with you and must always be kept in mind. [4], As Karen Cox, PhD, Historian of the American South at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, concludes, “The state is giving the stamp of approval to these Lost Cause ideas, and the money is a symbol of that approval. Evan Andrews, “How Many U.S. Presidents Owned Enslaved People?, history.com, Sep. 3, 2019, 45. He asked why there are no statues of Adolf Hitler in Berlin. In fact, even Robert E. Lee opposed Confederate statues . Jasmine Aguilera, “Confederate Statues Are Being Removed amid Protests over George Floyd's Death. In recent days, debate has grown about whether statues of slave traders from Britain's imperial past should be torn down or not. Social Media – Are Social Networking Sites Good for Our Society? An 1884 Confederate monument to General Robert E. Lee is removed from Lee Circle in New Orleans, Louisiana, on May 19, 2017. [49], Author Sophia A. Nelson, JD, who notes she is the granddaughter of a slave, states that she does not ”fear 150-year-old statues of old dead white men.” Nelson argues that her classmates at Washington & Lee University “didn’t hate [black students] because there were statues of Robert E. Lee or George Washington (our nation’s first President and a slave owner) on campus. Gino Spocchia, “Christopher Columbus Statue Torn Down, Set on Fire and Tossed in Lake by Anti-Racism Protesters in Virginia,” independent.co.uk, June 10, 2020, 9. We should let them stand and use them to remind ourselves of what we are and are not, the cost our forebears paid for our freedom and to educate our children.” [38], During the protests following the death of George Floyd in the summer of 2020, many Confederate statues were damaged or toppled, as were statues of Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Ulysses S. Grant. Since this fundamentally conflicts with American values and ideas, they should be removed. [37], Lawrence A. Kuznar, PhD, Professor of Anthropology at Indiana University–Purdue University Fort Wayne, states, “removing Confederate statues amounts to whitewashing our history, turning our heads away from the inconvenient truths of our past. [25], Further, Americans pay to have Confederate statues and the associated values on display. A 2018 investigation published in the Smithsonian Magazine found that over the prior ten years at least $40 million in taxpayer dollars were allocated for Confederate statues, other monuments, and heritage organizations. Writing in the Washington Post, legal scholar Alfred Brophy believes it would. It’s saying, ‘We still have the upper hand.’” [23], Finley hit not only on the current psychological impact of the statues, but also on the intended historical impact. Linda Lopata, “If Susan B. Anthony Was Racist,” susanb.org (accessed July 7, 2020), 47. The United States should not continue to honor or memorialize them. Valerie Strauss, “Christopher Columbus: 3 Things You Think He Did That He Didn’t,” washingtonpost.com, Oct. 14, 2013, 22. This Confederate memorabilia is just part of the "Lost Cause" myth perpetuated by CSA General Jubal Early a generation after Appomattox - appealing to heroism fighting against hopeless odds to defend "the southern way of life" (whatever that is). Historic Statue Removal – Top 3 Pros & Cons. What I fear is the hatred we see in real time in 2017 on social media and in our political rhetoric. The statues are a painful reminder of past and present institutionalized racism in the United States. While he hoped the next generation would abolish slavery, he wrote in 1820 that maintaining the institution of slavery was like holding “a wolf by the ear, and we can neither hold him, nor safely let him go.” [40], Grant came from an abolitionist family, freed the one slave he owned in 1859, supported black enlisted Army men, led the Union Army in the Civil War to abolish slavery, and was endorsed by Frederick Douglass for president. However, it is important to stress that the Civil war which erupted as a result was first and foremost about slavery than about states’ rights. The removal of the confederate statues has its pros and cons as to why they should take them down. However, there are varied opinions on this matter with the majority opposing the move to remove them. Do the statues represent or misrepresent the country’s history? Amanda Holpuch, Ed Pilkington, and Oliver Laughland, “Charleston Shooting: Confederate Flag at Heart of Growing Political Storm,” theguardian.com, June 20, 2015, 4. They were afraid of losing their profits made from using slave labor and, thus, seceded and rebelled against the North. Here’s a List.,” nytimes.com, Aug. 28, 2017, 6. federate statues should be removed. Where do we draw a line? The confederacy usually had a united body coexisting … “The Confederate Monument to Robert E. Lee Is Removed from Its Perch,” Creative Commons, May 19, 2017, While the debate whether Confederate statues should be taken down has been gaining momentum for years, the issue gained widespread attention after the June 17, 2015, mass shooting at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina. [47] Do we exclude the achievements of these figures from public display because they displayed controversial behavior? [31], In Louisville, a statue of Confederate soldier John Breckinridge Castleman was removed. Bernstein compares memorialized Confederate figures, such as Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson, to slave-owning presidents George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, as well as British colonialists Cecil Rhodes and Winston Churchill. He argues that all have complicated histories, all did bad as well as good, and therefore there is no logical reason to remove statues of some but not others. Regardless of whether historic statues are removed or remain, what sort of statues, memorials, or other art would you like to see in public spaces? The question of whether a Confederate monument in Forest Park should be removed was explored on our weekly Behind the Headlines segment amid … The majority (62 percent) of America’s reader sample told us that Confederate statues should be removed from public spaces and moved to new locations, like museums or … After that incident, the public sentiment shifted and the flag had to come down. But overlooking this more tangible threat to America’s liberal democracy (which we love so much), many Bahamians have taken to social media to argue over the pros and cons … Colleen Walsh, “Must We Allow Symbols of Racism on Public Land?,” harvard.edu, June 19, 2020, 44. Could improve morale for those who are against symbols of hate, Will ultimately lead to fewer fucking plaques to read, Eliminates proof that we haven’t solved racism, May lead to citizens forgetting their country’s revised history, Deprives others of the fun of defacing them, Creates impression that nation does not uphold values of the Confederacy. It began as a campaign at the University of Cape Town to remove the statue of Cecil Rhodes that stood in the campus. Macdonald’s penchant for violence and degradation toward Indigenous … [1] The shooter was said to have glorified the Confederate South, posing in Facebook photos with the Battle Flag of the Northern Virginia Army (also known now as the “Confederate flag,” though it never represented the Confederate States) and touring historical Confederate locations before the shooting. Yes it should be removed. Richard Allen Greene, “King Leopold II Statues Are Being Removed in Belgium. All rights reserved. The rally protested the proposed removal of statues of Confederate Army Generals Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson. [2] [3] [4], The issue rose to prominence again in 2017 after an Aug. 12 white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, turned violent and deadly. Do we protect Confederate graves and battlefields? Mississippi’s secession declaration states, “Our position is thoroughly identified with the institution of slavery– the greatest material interest of the world. The line is subjective, difficult to draw, and easy to reinterpret, leaving no memorial protected. Source: Abdazizar. (2020, July 15). For example, a statue of black abolitionist and former slave Frederick Douglass was damaged over the July 4, 2020 weekend in Rochester, New York. The semi-hysterical push to remove them is, I strongly believe, a mistake, a dangerous precedent, and an exercise in ignorance. One of the biggest pros of confederate monuments is the fact that they stand in honor of the greatest leaders who strived for the betterment and for the glory of the United States. Ted Mann, “Lincoln Statue With Kneeling Black Man Becomes Target of Protests,” wsj.com, June 25, 2020, 14. They must be removed,” according to Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (D-CA). School Uniforms – Should Students Have to Wear School Uniforms? ISIS destroys monuments. [9] And a statue of black tennis star and Civil Rights activist Arthur Ashe was tagged with “white lives matter” graffiti in Richmond, Virginia. Henry Louis Gates, Jr., “Monuments of Hope, Memorials to a Poisoned Past,” britannica.com, May 25, 2018, 23. [17] [18] The “Lost Cause” mythology was used to continue the idea that black people needed to be subjugated for their own good and as justification for Jim Crow laws. [26] A monument to the victims of slavery has also been suggested. Why build a street for losers?… Psychologically, it’s perpetuating a system. Where statues and other items on public property are offensive to some citizens who advocate for their removal, they should be preserved and moved to private property locations." These products are peculiar to the climate verging on the tropical regions, and by an imperious law of nature, none but the black race can bear exposure to the tropical sun. Khushbu Shah, “Atlanta's Confederate Monuments: How Do ‘Context Markers’ Help Explain Racism?,” theguardian.com, Aug. 3, 2019, 25. Residents offered replacement suggestions ranging from boxer Muhammed Ali to writer Wendell Berry. ProCon.org. Erecting statues to the lost heroes of the Lost Cause was part of the campaign to revise history. Stephen E. Ambrose, “Founding Fathers and Slaveholders,” smithsonianmag.com, Nov. 2002, 43. Symbolic annihilation can result in society valuing groups of people less and in internalized negativity among those groups. Adam Serwer, “The Myth of the Kindly General Lee,” theatlantic.com, June 4, 2017, 19. [39] [40] [41], However, Washington led the Continental Army to victory over the British, held together the country as the first President over two terms, resisted calls to become King of the country, and, in his will, freed his slaves upon his wife’s death. Elliot Ackerman, “The Confederate Monuments We Shouldn’t Tear Down,” nytimes.com, July 7, 2020, 49. [48] Or should those also be destroyed? Greta Anderson, “When Free Speech and Racist Speech Collide,” insidehighered.com, June 23, 2020, 36. Donald Trump, Twitter.com, June 30, 2020, 35. The Confederate statues are not the cause of the racial education gap, wage disparities, unemployment, crime, drug use or other problems the black community faces. The statues were built to honor and enforce white supremacist views, and the intent or damaging effect have not been erased by time. Henry Louis Gates, Jr., PhD, Director of the Hutchins Center for African and African American Research at Harvard University, notes that “enduringly charged symbols of the former Confederacy… [add] to our fears that, instead of embracing the promise of democracy in a diverse society, some want to return us to a far more restrictive time, when freedom was circumscribed by race.” [22], “We can’t get to learning from our history if we keep accepting that racism should be celebrated in American history,” according to Khalil Gibran Muhammad, PhD, Professor of History, Race and Public Policy at Harvard University [1]. Almost two years after New Orleans mayor Mitch Landrieu called for the removal of four Confederate statues from public spaces around the city, the process finally got … ... as people from the city gather to discuss the pros and cons of these memorials, and the fate of its Confederate statues. [14] [17]. Kelly Grovier, “Black Lives Matter Protests: Why Are Statues So Powerful?,” bbc.com, June 12, 2020, 26. Natalie Huet, “Sir Geoff Palmer, ‘Don’t Take down Statues - Take down Racism,’” euronews.com, June 11, 2020. [32] [33], Of the calls to take down Confederate monuments, President Donald Trump stated, “This cruel campaign of censorship and exclusion violates everything we hold dear as Americans. Arguments for why Confederate statues should be removed include the Confederacy's shameful history of treason and white supremacy, as well as the original purpose of these statues, which was to intimidate Black Americans while celebrating white power. Commerce of the Grant Family, ” cnn.com, June 24, 2020 pay homage to hate, not.! Symbolic annihilation can result in society valuing groups of people less and in negativity! Including 230 statues of some persons may evoke anger in some American communities whether statues from South! 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